BlueSpice uses the MediaWiki extension VisualEditor as editing tool. This sophisticated editor supports all common edit tasks that you can expect in a wiki environment.
What is VisualEditor?[edit | edit source]
The visual editor is optimized for editing wiki pages. Important characteristics and functions are:
- Page structuring with headings.
- Consistent text formatting.
- Linking of contents.
- Inserting special content (files/media, tables, templates, magic words)
- Adjusting page options.
Text editing[edit | edit source]
Typical text formatting options such as bold, italics, or text color are available as a context menu. When you highlight text, a menu with common formatting elements appears. For example, you can apply a different text color.
Pasting content from your clipboard[edit | edit source]
If you paste content from your clipboard (e.g., copied from MS Word or MS Excel), you usually also paste many unnecessary formatting tags from the original application. To avoid, this you should paste the content as plaintext.
If you already pasted text which resulted in undesirable formatting, you can use the undo function in VisualEditor to remove the content again if you have not yet saved the page or switched between visual and source editing mode.
To paste content as plain text instead, use the shortcut ctrl+shift+v.
Shortcuts[edit | edit source]
If you want to apply multiple formatting options at the same time, shortcuts are often the quickest way. For example, to show text in bold and italic, highlight the text and press Ctrl+b (for "bold") and Ctrl+i (for "italics"). Even a link can be quickly inserted by pressing Ctrl+k. Pressing Ctrl+b again will cancel the bold. Multiple formats can be removed after text selection with Ctrl+m.
All available keyboard shortcuts are marked accordingly in VisualEditor next to each menu item.
Inserting other content[edit | edit source]
Many typical page elements such as images, files and tables can be integrated into your page from the Insert menu.
- File formats with a preview option: jpg/jpeg, png, gif, pdf
- File formats without preview option are always inserted as links (e.g., Microsoft Office formats)
- Files can be connected with namespaces and categories
If you want to learn more about inserting these elements, go to the following help pages:
Wiki-specific content[edit | edit source]
Some functions in the "Insert" menu are little known from traditional word processing, but are quite typical for working with a wiki. Therefore, they are briefly introduced here. Find more information on the help pages here in the helpdesk or at mediawiki.org:
- Comment: Add comments to the page. These are only visible in the source code.
- Gallery: A simple picture gallery can support many process flows.
- Magic word: Wiki features such as signature, word counter, category tree or even process diagrams with draw.io can be integrated as a "magic word".
- Your signature: Only works on pages that allow signatures. Pages in the Namespace "Pages" are not included.
- Codeblock: Programming code is displayed here in clean code blocks, optionally with line numbers.
- References list:
- Chemical formula: The formula rendering uses an external service via Wikimedia's REST API.
- Math formula: An editor opens for entering a mathematical formula.
Switching between edit modes[edit | edit source]
When creating or editing a page, the page loads in visual editing mode. If you are familiar with the code language of MediaWiki ("Wikitext"), you can easily switch to source editing mode using the "Switch editor" button:
MediaWiki reference[edit | edit source]
Since VisualEditor is a standard MediaWiki extension, you can also read a documentation of functionality on MediaWiki. Here in the BlueSpice Helpdesk, we only give some hints and tips for using the editor.
Hints and tips[edit | edit source]
VisualEditor is optimized for editing web pages. That's why it has exactly the features that are often needed to create a wiki page. The consistent formatting of content supports the readability of your wiki content.
Text formatting[edit | edit source]
In the text formatting menu, the following additional options are available when a text passage has been selected:
Text color: different text colors can be selected via an inspector menu.
Center align: Text can be selected and centered paragraph by paragraph.
Indent: Text can be indented once (note: multiple indentation is only possible via the source text)
|Undo function||Left arrow: Undo last action (greyed out: there is no last action yet)
Right arrow: Restore last action (greyed out: there's nothing to restore yet)
|Format Paragraph||Here text can be defined as heading or specific paragraph type.
Note: If you work in a table, the options will change accordingly (content cell and header cell):|
|Style text||If no text has been selected before clicking on the " A" button and on a button, the text will be formatted from the current position of the cursor.|
|Insert hyperlink||If no text was selected before the hyperlink dialog was opened, the link will be generated with a number:
 To subsequently change the hyperlink description, just click on the link to open the edit menu. In a table, you may need to double-click the cell first and then click the hyperlink again.
|cite||The citation menu is used to insert footnote references (also called itemizations or footnotes) within the text.|
Insert special content[edit | edit source]
|Paste Special Content|
|Insert menu||Use the "insert" menu to insert various media (images, videos) and text formats:|
|media||Inserting pictures and videos|
|templates||Include a template in the page.|
|tables||Tables are an important tool for formatting tabular page content.|
|comment||Comments are not visible to readers, but only in edit mode. A comment can be inserted anywhere on a page. The comment can be edited by clicking on it.
And this is what a comment looks like:
|Magic word||With a "magic word" you can include certain variables or so-called behavioral switches in your page. For example, you can display the word count:
|Your signature||This option can only be used in discussions. It allows to add a signature at any point of a discussion.|
|Code block||With code block various code examples can be entered, like e.g. in HTML syntax. The code is then displayed properly formatted:
<span style="color: red">red text</span>
|Chemical formula||The formula rendering uses an external service via Wikimedia's REST API.|
|Math formula||It opens an editor for entering a mathematical formula.
|Options menu||The options menu allows editing of all page settings.|
|Options||This button allows the page settings and page information to be updated simultaneously within a dialog box.|
|Categories||Here you assign the page to one or more categories Categories. The page will appear accordingly on all linked category pages.|
|Page Settings||Page redirection: When the page is redirected, the content of the page is no longer displayed, but the target page is loaded directly.
|View as right-to-left||Support for languages that are read from right to left. Clicking this button right-side formats the page text. Click again to set the text flush left.|
|Find and replace||Words or characters can be searched and replaced directly on the page. The "Undo" button can be used to cancel the change.|
Troubleshooting: Visual editing is disabled[edit | edit source]
If you only have the source editing option in your editor toolbar, please contact an administrator of your wiki. The following settings must be checked in this case: