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Install Single Sign on with Kerberos at CentOS 7.5.1408

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About this manual

In this manual we will use certain placeholders. Replace them due to the following steps analogical to your system environment.

  • example.local = your domain name
  • webserver.example.local = FQDN of your bluespice webserver
  • dc.example.local = FQDN of your domain controller

Preparation

Please make sure that you configured a working "A" record at your DNS server for webserver.example.local and (really necessary!) an reverse DNS record (PTR). Please make also sure that the system clocks do not differ more than 5 minutes.

Needed users in the Active Directory

You need to create the following users in your Active Directory

  • One user for your Kerberos authentication (We will call it "KerberosProxy" at this manual)
  • One user for your BlueSpice AD proxy user (We will call it "LdapProxy" at this manual)

Please create these users and configure the passwords to "never expire".

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Create a keytab file

Create a keytab file at your domain controller using this command (works on Windows >= 2018 R2):

$ ktpass -princ HTTP/webserver.example.local@EXAMPLE.LOCAL 
-mapuser KerberosProxy@EXAMPLE.LOCAL 
-crypto RC4-HMAC-NT 
-ptype KRB5_NT_PRINCIPAL 
-pass <password-of-KerberosProxy> 
-out bluespice.keytab

Move this file to your BlueSpice server (folder /etc).

Install required packages on CentOS

Install all packages you need for Kerberos:

$ yum install krb5-workstation mod_auth_kerb

Create Kerberos configuration

Create a backup of /etc/krb5.conf and clear the file content. Insert this new content:

[libdefaults]
         default_realm = EXAMPLE.LOCAL

[realms]
         EXAMPLE.LOCAL = {
                 kdc = dc.example.local
                 admin_server = dc.example.local
         }

[domain_realm]
         example.local = EXAMPLE.LOCAL
         .example.local = EXAMPLE.LOCAL

Test authentication with your Keytab-file

Now you can test your authentication with the keytab file which was created before:

$ kinit -VV -k -t /etc/bluespice.keytab HTTP/webserver.example.local

If everything is configured correctly you should get a success message:

Authenticated to Kerberos v5
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Secure your BlueSpice webroot with Kerberos

Now you have to secure the BlueSpice DocumentRoot with. Open your VirtualHost config and insert the following:

<VirtualHost *:443>
	...
	<Directory /path/to/DocumentRoot>
		AuthType Kerberos
		KrbAuthRealms EXAMPLE.LOCAL
		KrbServiceName HTTP/webserver.example.local@EXAMPLE.LOCAL
		Krb5Keytab "/etc/bluespice.keytab"
		KrbMethodNegotiate on
		KrbMethodK5Passwd on
		Require valid-user
	</Directory>
	...
</VirtualHost>

Restart your apache2 webserver.

Testing

Create a file test.php at the DocumentRoot of BlueSpice and insert this code:

<?php
echo $_SERVER['REMOTE_USER'];

If everyting works fine you should be able to open test.php with a webbrowser (not Firefox!) without getting an authentication window and you can see your windows user name at the test.php. Now delete test.php.

User permission to autocreate account

Make sure that the wiki user group * has the autocreateaccount permission in the PermissionManager of BlueSpice.

PHP-extension for ldap

Make sure that php-ldap is installed and loaded at your apache2 server.

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